Dr Daniel P Brown´s Level 1 Mahamudra Retreat

  • A short path to "a taste of something" in 6 days

  • Enhanced meditation: Buddhist teachings, cognitive/neuro-science, attachment- and trauma-therapy, hypnotic techniques and sound, standardization and constant improvement.

Daniel P Brown
Daniel P Brown

This is a ravishing review of the 6-day Level 1 retreat given by Pointing Out the Great Way.

If you don´t believe me, check out the Dharmaoverground reviews.

On the other hand there are participants who after the retreat say "If you just want to start a meditation practice, you could do worse than just opening The Mind Illuminated." (see here for an alternate, very detailed and reflective view)

the other hand, O

A tour de force roller coaster hypnotic scientific Mahamudra HIT retreat

Is it possible that on average 30% of participants of a 6-day Mamamudra meditation retreat experience "a taste of awakening"? And if yes, what makes this possible?

That´s the claim of Daniel P Brown (deceased 2022), one of the lesser-known but extraordinary meditation teachers in the Tibetan traditions.

I guess I am one of the lucky 30%. Here, I try to deconstruct Daniel Brown´s teaching approach that made it possible.

What I mean by awakening

Unfortunately I can´t avoid the terms awakening, or enlightenment. I really dislike therm because all of the elitist connotations. I still cringe when I hear a Buddhist teacher use them. But I have to use them, since they are standard vocabulary in Buddhist writings of all sorts.

Here is a short definition:

a way of experiencing the world as a kind of fabrication,as an artifact of the mind. Simply said, it´s a way if being aware of awareness. Or, to take the subject our, it is "awareness showing itself by itself through itself to awareness"(Daniel P Brown).

Look up here for a more extensive description how I define it as a concept now grounded in neuroscience.

On Dr Daniel P Brown

Dr Brown (deceased in April 2022) was an extremely impressive meditation teacher with over 40 years experience.

Unlike many other spiritual teachers of his generation such as Jack Kornfield, he has not been highly visible in this function. That is not astonishing, since he has spread his energy over many areas of welfare for others, often with a ruthless energy. This included Tibetan children, abuse victims of the Catholic Church, and the Bobby Kennedy assassin..

You can read more about him in my post describing how he made enemies of the Catholic Church, the CIA, the IRA and the Kennedy family. And here is an overview of interesting and important publications, media etc by or with him.

On a surprising hypnotic roller-coaster HIT meditation experience

My interest in meditation had been created through a particular wondrous and mentally revolutionising psychedelic experience with the substance Ayahuasca. Since 2019, I have been trying to follow up the significance of this so-called "mystical" experience for my mental models and my personality. At the time, I did not even know that it was a mystical experience, since I had never had any major contact with the broad field of "spirituality".

I therefore had never heard of Mahamudra before I made acquaintance, again by change, with a Facebook acquaintance who had been in Tibet as monk. This way, I found the Pointing Out the Great Way retreat.

My familiarity with meditation at that time was limited to Culadasa´s book on concentration meditation, "The Mind Illuminated". I had come across this book praised as "meditation for geeks" (which I was at the time) through the ravishing review by Peter Attia the US health guru. it was my first attempt at understanding the Ayahuasca experience.

So I attended the Mahamudra retreat more or less with a beginner´s mind regarding everything else than concentration meditation (shamata).

The Mahamudra retreat is announced innocently like this:

Level 1 retreats present a full set of instructions for Mahamudra practice in a highly condensed manner, from the beginning up to a taste of awakening.

I was not pleased, that this Level 1 course at 1500 USD must be taken "at least" 2-3 times before one is admitted to the next level. Initially this looked like a Scientology ploy. But this precondition also intrigued me. What could make meditation training so difficult, that the student has to repeatedly do the same thing again at such high cost?

I have a better understanding now. It gives me an inkling of understanding for this requirement, although no enthusiasm for the cost. In pre-Covid times it would have had to include travel and accomodation, and made it unavailable for many (in particular when repeated).

While I have not repeated it (yet?), I believe to understand, that a repetition will not necessarily deepen the intellectual understanding. But it will certainly deepen the experiential depth. And, this type of meditation is eventually all about experience and not concepts.

***edited: one year later, I took a 3 hour online retreat which was designed as refresher. It was an extremely condensed and useful version of the 6 days.

So, why the characteristics hypnotic roller-coaster HIT meditation?

Roller Coaster

My naivete may have helped me to "survive" the sharp reversals of direction along the stages of Mahamudra meditation, and take them in as very surprising sudden insights. For example, one spends most of the time in the retreat learning meditation technique and strategies, and at the end one learns that they are no longer needed!

High Intensity Training (HIT)

I experienced the retreat like fitness sessions for the mind. It included repetitions, an increasing load, highly detailed instructions to do this and not that, and the possibility to have meditation errors corrected through feedback. This retreat was not a meandering narrative flow or explanation, but a sharply focused beam of mental precision coaching.


As I have a certificate in hypnosis, I recognised immediately, that some teaching techniques included standard hypnotic techniques to deepen receptivity, and to circumvent the rational mind.


Each single element of the 6-day retreat is grounded in contemporary science. Some of it goes back to Dr Brown's dissertation from 1981, which linked Mahamudra meditation to cognitive psychology. In addition, elements from attachment and trauma therapy, neuroscience, Freudian and Jungian science are included.

I found the retreat extraordinary, and now am utterly grateful to have had the opportunity. Dr Brown recently died, and the tradition of Pointing Out the Great Way will or may be continued by Dustin DiPerna - who is a teacher of impressive precision. That said, Dr Brown simply cannot be replicated.

Overview: Elements of effective meditation teaching in the retreat

So, what makes the Pointing Out the Great Way retreats so effective? It is the combination of content elements, delivery, and setting.


  • Dr Brown's analytical foundation:

  • Trust as precondition for learning

  • Compression of content

  • Adapting old techniques to modern environments

  • The unified phase model of stages of meditation

  • A logical progression of meditation skills

  • Use of neuroscience and cognitive science

  • Use of therapeutic concepts (attachment theory, traume, the unconscious)


  • Pointing out style of teaching

  • High precision language

  • Use of hypnotic techniques

  • Use of metaphors

  • Use of sound/music


  • Aligned teaching team

  • Sangha

  • Online

Dr Brown's analytical foundation

If one encounters Dr Brown for the first time through his Level 1 retreat, one has no idea of the width and breadth of theory on which those 6 days rest.

Only when one dives deeply into his few but essential writings it becomes clear that, for example, already in 1981 he foresaw what in 2021, 40 years later, is accepted knowledge: many aspects of Buddhist teachings are analogous to contemporary Western theories in cognitive science and neuroscience.

There are essentially two lines of his investigation into Tibetan Buddhism:

  • The 3 works on meditation stages in Tibetan Mahamudra Buddhism

  • The forewords to the 7 books in the Bön tradition that he co-translated

The 3 works on meditation stages:

  • 1981: Mahamudra Meditation-Stages and Contemporary Cognitive Psychology (Doctoral Dissertation)

  • 1986 ( With KenWilber): Transformations of Consciousness: Conventional and Contemplative Perspectives On Development (New Science Library).

  • 2006: Pointing out the Great Way. Stages of Meditation in the Mahamudra Tradition.

For a partial list see here.


The term "trust element" is widely used in web design for commercial sites. When there is no trust there is no sale. Thus, websites include references, customer stories, certifications etc.

This is similar to the broad approach of meditation teaching in Tibetan Buddhism. As Daniel P Brown has described in his books on Mahamudra, it is important to create trust in the student the elusive goal of "awakening" is actually achievable. There is no guarantee. And it is impossible to experience what the curriculum pre-announces before being there. Dan Brown uses two approaches: modernised guru-yoga imagery, and science.

Modernised guru-yoga

In classical Mahamudra Buddhism, it was the lama/guru student relationship that carried much of this trust-building effort. Trust could be built through the meeting with what today might be called mentor; through mandala gift ceremonies; through the "gift waves of influence" (an imaginary skills transfer); through guru-yoga etc. In any case, it often equated an imaginary and instantaneous skill transfer from guru to student, or even from the entire lineage of gurus.

In the retreat, some of these old ceremonial visualisation techniques "in which the disciple visualises his root lama in front of him, surrounded by the many lamas of the lineage...all of whom stand to witness the formal acknowledgement of refuge" (MMS, p. 160) were used.

An example is a visualisation where the guru dissolves into light and this light is absorbed into the body of the student.

Some of these traditional visualisation methods were nearly identical to techniques I once learned in a management seminar for stage performance: eg stepping into the imagined body of an admired person; or working with an imagined protective and powerful light dome.

In the retreat, the specific wordings of guru yoga were kept as closely as possible to the original texts, while carefully aligning vocabulary and terminology with contemporary terms and concepts.


A second trust-building element is the extensive reference to Western science. Of course, we moderns believe and trust in science. Thus, science can substitute the personal trust in the wisdom of the lama.

Referring to science is the more believable, as Dr Brown himself has been involved as researcher in contemplative science studies with Judd Brewer. See my blogpost on the ocean and wave metaphor.

Compression of content

In the early sixties I learned to program in the computer language Assembler. The teacher, after some very basic instructions, started to explain how Assembler worked by letting us build, under his supervision, a program that listed the results of a football game from some input.

You may think that this was easy, but for programming novices it was a giant challenge. But we all made it. At the end, he explained that he trusted in overwhelm and in the natural capability of the brain to ingest information at a high speed when the teaching is good. Using this approach, he said, he could compress even Assembler teaching into a very short time.

Daniel Brown´s approach uses the same compression technique for content. He is very confident about the possibility to learn very fast: he often quotes a One-day session with his most impressive teacher to who he was personally introduced by the Dalai Lama.

CANI - Constant and never ending improvement

He began the development of his teaching material in the 1970s. The body of knowledge and techniques has since been continually streamlined, tested, and improved in many retreats. In particular the constant improvement of specific standardised phrases, words, intonations etc has resulted in a high-efficiency teaching approach.

Adapting old techniques to modern contexts

Here I want to give just one example. It describes how Dr Brown instructs to counter drowsiness and excitation during meditation through light / darkness visualisations.

  • Drowsiness: combat with the mental representation of, or direct experience of light (e.g. meditating outside, or imagining a light-flooded environment)

  • Excitation: combat with the mental representation or direct experience of darkness (e.g. meditating in the cave, imagining a black environment)

These instructions go back a long time. Originally, they are given in the context of "seed meditation" which is not taught during the Level 1 retreat, and involve intricate visualisations of emanation of dark and light structures from and back into a "seed".

Here is an original instruction:

With regard to drowsiness and stupor, you should have Reflected, in Clarity, on all the outer and inner [aspects] of your own body with the light of the Seed. When Excited, direct the mind to a black seed emitting light, and it will be removed (quoted in MMS, p. 277)

Brown continues:

... drowsiness and excitement will face quickly, when setting up the right light and color

In the retreat, the instructions on the use of light and darkness are provided as a general means to deal with under- and overstimulation of the nervous system during meditation, caused by "too little" or "too much" mental movement.

The instructions, though, are highly simplified basic representations of dark or light space.

In this way, Dr Brown retains the original technique of that has been tested with thousands of students over hundreds of years, reformulates it in modern ways and adapts them to the context in which they are given.

Unified model of meditation stages that build on each other

TBD: this needs to be improved.

The content of the retreat is built around the simplified modelof meditation stages that Daniel P Brown has distilled from the Buddhist traditions, up to the point of "a taste of awakening".

The sequence illustrated below represents a generalised model of levels of awareness, that Daniel P Brown has distilled from all the Buddhist traditions.

When appearing publicly, Daniel P Brown liked to explain the entire path to awakening by quoting the Heart Sutra's concluding concluding mantra. I have written a blog post on the Heart Sutra as being a source of Dr Brown´s stage model.

Gate gate paragate parasamgate bodhi svaha

Gone, Gone, Gone Way Beyond, Gone Way Way Beyond: Uh what a Realisation
  1. Gone: I get caught up in thought - I go beyond thought through learning how to use awareness

  2. Gone: I get caught up in Self - I go beyond Self through realising the emptiness of Self [added: and of objects]

  3. Gone way beyond: I get caught up in space and time - I go beyond space and time through realising space and time as fabrications

  4. Gone way way beyond: I get caught up in localisation and consciousness, I go beyond that. And now I am operating out of this limitless huge boundless bright awareness love. That's my true nature. That's my way home. [Added: here the student goes beyond all concepts and all activities of the mind, including meditation itself].

  5. Ah, what a realisation!

Basically, it is a sequence of viewpoints building on each other in a fixed sequence. Even shorter:

  1. Go from thought to awareness

  2. Drop the self

  3. Drop space and time

  4. Drop localised consciousness

A logical progression of basic skills

It seems to me that the retreat teachings aim at building up meditation micro-skills in a fixed sequence that takes account of dependencies between skills. The following are some examples:

  • Being able to focus , keep, intensify and relax attention

  • Being able to differentiate attention from awareness

  • Being able to shift quickly out of thinking mode into awareness mode

  • Being able to quickly shift from event perspective into mind perspective

  • Being able to do emptiness meditation on the self

  • Being able to do emptiness meditation on time and space

  • Being able to operate as ocean and wave

  • etc

Above all is the skill of

  • Meta cognitive awareness (called "full awareness", or "intelligence" in Pointing Out..)

Neuroscience, contemplative neuroscience, cognitive science as integrated elements

Neuroscience is used in two ways.

  • The teaching parts of the meditation retreat often includes explicit references to the cognitive sciences. An example is his own collaboration with Judson Brewer at.al, investigation the correlations between specific deep meditative states and brain states. The explanations accompanying meditation instructions thus broaden the student's basis of comprehension. They also act as a "trust element".

  • Cognitive science informs much of the teaching content. As a key concept, Daniel P Brown sharply distinguishes between the mental faculties of (focused) attention and of awareness. This is in line, although not exactly identical, with a similar neuroscience based approach by Culadasa (in "The Mind Illuminated"). And it is in contrast to many meditation teachers who use these terms and others as synonyms or homonyms: Attention, awareness, consciousness, cognition,meta-cognition, meta-cognitive awareness, mind are often used interchangeably, letting the student wonder what the teacher is talking about. For example, awareness is used interchangeably with meta-cognition. Or, an expression like "sharpen your awareness" is used, which gives awareness the character of focused directedness. Or, the student is asked to simultaneously hold 80% of attention on foreground objects and 20% on background objects in an impossible split attention approach.

Thus, Daniel P Brown belongs to the class of teachers of who Scott Alexander makes a bit fun of in the now defunct "Slate Star Codes" blog on Culadasa´s "The Mind Illuminated":

"At this point I would be more impressed to meet a Buddhist meditation teacher who wasn’t a neuroscience PhD. If I ever teach Buddhist meditation, this is going to be my hook. “Come learn advanced meditation techniques with Scott Alexander, whose lack of a neuroscience PhD gives him a unique perspective that combines ancient wisdom with a lack of modern brain science.” I think the world is ready for someone to step into this role. But Culadasa is not that person"

Neither is Dr Brown.

Neuroscience: rom tachistoscopes to pointing out instructions

As I have described in my post on my psychedelic/mystic experiences under Ayahuasca, one phenomenon was the perception of mental events in the visual field as a rapidly flickering series of luminous very short events.

In Brown's dissertation he gives considerable space to discussing this meditative phenomenology, providing an analogy in experiments with high-speed perception using tachistoscopes.

The discussion in Brown's chapters on tachistocopic research and yogic training is also the basis for some of his particular modernized pointing-out-instructions. These incorporate knowledge and derived presuppositions about the retreat participants' capacity to perform high-speed search operations.

A particularly good example is the Emptiness of Self meditation. Here is an original version from "The Flight of the Garuda".

Answer the question : where is the mind now? Is it in the upper or lower part of your body, in your sense organs, in your lungs, or your hear? If it lodges in your heart, in what part of the heart? What is its color and shape? Thoroughly investigate the present location of the mind and its characteristics until you are certain that they are not to be found

Dan Brown applies two "tweaks" to this instruction

  • tachistoscope research for speed : the student is instructed to use their high-speed awareness to search Self in the entire body.

  • hypnosis for effectivity : he uses a classical hypnotic "binding instruction" to create a trance state and make the internal search more effective. A binding instruction uses the form "the more, the less" etc. A well known example from movies with hypnotists is "The more you try to keep your eyes open, the heavier the eyelids will get".

Thus, the rough tweaked form goes like this:

Using your high speed internal search, try {trying imples failing} whether you can find the Self anywhere in the body. The more you search, the less findable it will be {binding instruction}

Therapeutical concepts (Freud, trauma, attachment theory)

Daniel Brown switches seamlessly between the perspectives of Eastern spirituality and Western therapy. For example, when needed he may provide explanations of attachment styles and their impact on personality. It is no wonder: in this area too, Dr Brown is a recognised expert since a long time. He has developed a model that integrates mediation/Buddhism, hypnosis and attachment theory (the "Ideal Parent Figure Protocol" - IPF )

His expertise in Western therapy and psychology, going back to Freud and others, is a real asset for his retreats. He always recognises the level at which a student asks a question: psychological questions and topics are not forcibly squeezed into an Eastern perspective, that may not provide answers at the right level. His collaboration with Ken Wilber in "Transformations of Consciousness" is the early theoretical starting point for chosing the right perspective.

The majority of students in his retreats may never have heard of attachment styles. For many, the detailed and relevant overviews or individual explanations are very helpful at a deep personal level.

Pointing out style of teaching

The following high level description of the pointing out style is from the website www.pointingoutway.com

The pointing out style is an ancient way of teaching meditation passed down directly from teacher to student for thousands of years. The teacher shares detailed explanations of the way to practice, common experiences and obstacles – as the student practices – providing a step-by-step guided path responsive to the specific needs of the student.

It is in contrast to many teachers where the student is essentially left alone with vague instructions, letting them do what they understand it to mean.

The pointing out style is an interactive style, where the teacher guides the student(s) through precise mental instructions during the entire meditation session. These sessions are usually short , e.g. 20 minutes.

Not only is the medition session compact. That is also true for the pointing out instructions.

“Pointing-out instruction…means that all the teachings have been condensed into just a few essential lines of text which contain the vital point, the key point regarding the nature of mind.” (POGW, p. 428)

My own description of characteristics of pointing out instructions is here.

After the session, the students talk about their experience with the teacher, and the teacher has opportunity to explain or correct the practice on the spot. It is thus interactive and relational. With an experienced teacher, this style is enormously effective.

Obviously, traditionally this was 1:1 teaching. Today, in an online retreat, there may be 100ds of participants.

In addition, as stated, Daniel P Brown is recognised author and expert for the topics of trauma and attachment. Regarding the feedback part of the session, this adds a further level of relevance. It is feedback at the level or dimension at which it is required. For example, issues of "growing up" are not mixed up with issues requiring an answer at the "waking up" level, in Wilber´s terms.

High precision language

Daniel P Brown takes core teaching instructions of used by various masters (Garab Dorje, Longchenpa, Milarepa, Tilopa, Tashi Namgyel and more). He draws in particular on the Bön lineage of which he has translated several major books.

He then formulates their essence in a precise, short and modernized way as instructions. These instructions are sequenced so that every instruction presupposes some practice with the previous instruction.

The simplicity, and many repetitions, that allow the student to follow the instructions closely and without the student having to interpret what the instructions mean.

As example, check out my post on space yoga how this works, as well as the post on hypnosis and meditation.

Hypnotic elements (trance, high precision language, metaphors)

Dr Brown, in his public videos and podcasts, explicitly mentions his use of hypnosis in his retreats. Also, there is a link between traditional Dzog Chen and "hypnotic" techniques


This goes back to his 1981 dissertation where he considers meditation to be a type of altered state of consciousness, with similarities to hypnotic states, or states under "hallucinogenic drugs" (which was the 1981 term for psychedelics). In fact my own experience confirms this.

Here are two specific hypnotic trance inducing techniques used by Dan Brown.

"As you breathe in, open your eyes. As you breathe out, close your eyes...".

I am highly susceptible to hypnotic influence. After a few repeats of these instructions my eyes fell shut and I could not consciously follow any more. Only at the end I remember a phrase approximately saying "..father and mother of the world". However, the entire hypnotic meditation was accompanied by a feeling of deep compassion.

Hypnosis, in my personal experience, provides an additional pathway for not only therapeutic, medical and coaching effectively.

To give another example: a typical hypnotic linking formula is: "The more (less) you do X, the more (less) Y happens". As in: "The more you try to keep your eyes open, the heavier your eyelids become".

In the retreat, this formula is used to support the emptiness-of-self search operation:

"The more you search, the more it becomes unfindable".

High precision language

Dr Brown has talked about the influence of his mastery of hypnosis on his particular pointing out instructions. He describes his process of arriving at his "copyrighted" formulations in a way that is reminiscent of Milton Erickson, the father of modern hypnosis:

"Early in his career, Erickson wrote out scripts for upcoming sessions. He then spent hours reducing many pages of suggestions to one or two, all the while attempting to amplify the essence of his original message.... He also recommended this process to his students, stating that it would sensitize them to the associative content and implications of each word, phrase, or pause they might employ during the trance process" (Walters/Havens, p 173.)


A key technique of hypnosis is the use of metaphors. This is also the case for Buddhist teachings.

Mystic experiences are notoriously difficult to communicate to those who are not familiar with them, if only through a single experience. This is called ineffability, or the difficulty of using conceptual language to communicate, for example, no-self experiences. Check out my blog-post on Buddhist teaching metaphors.

Here, I want to focus on a particular student task: achieving a state, and being meta-cognitively aware of, that in the retreat is pointed out as "awareness showing itself by itself to itself". In essence, this is the awakening or realisation moment.

Here are some metaphors used in traditional Buddhist teachings, for example Garab Dorje in "The Last Statement of Garab Dorje" (read by Samaneri Jayasara here: https://youtu.be/99wzfI_DApc)

  • A mother and son meeting after a long separation

  • A person meeting another person after a long separation

  • A man and a woman meeting secretly in solitude to make love

  • A mirror held up to another mirror

Other metaphors for, essentially, awareness meeting awareness:

  • Pouring water in water

  • Pouring melted butter into butter

  • Merging space into space

  • Washing dirt with dirt

  • Cracking rock with rock.

I have dedicated an entire blog post to the metaphor of the ocean and its waves.


Sound has always accompanied traditional ceremonial and mystical events.

During the retreat, key meditation instructions were supported by music. Dr Brown had selected one piece by Steve Halpern only, which, in particular, supported the "Ocean and Wave" meditation practice (see my blog post).

An interesting point: music/sound is today scientifically proven to be a core element of the new psychedelic therapies. Music is seen as the guide to steer emotional and cognitive processing during states of altered consciousness. In fact, for this reason music and sound have been an integral part of all traditional shamanic processes in Africa, Asia and South America.

One example: latest research by Mendel Kaelen (who worked as researcher at the center for psychedelic research at Imperial College of London) , has led to his startup "Wavepath. Experience as Medicine". The underlying business model is the provision of preselected playlists to the new generation of psychedelic therapists who are currently being trained under, for example, the auspices of www.maps.org .

When we listen to specifically designed sound, we can go into a transcendental state where we lose awareness of the self, or we become that which we're observing, and we no longer are aware of the observer. We become the sound that we're listening to (Tannous).

Another example: the sound researcher Alexandre Tannous has researched the effect of specific types of music (classical music vs traditional gong and sound bowl instruments) for psychedelic research at Johns Hopkins University and for the psychedelic healing centre Synthesisretreats (private communication). The overall result: gong and sound bowls have a slight advantage, as reported by Matthew Johnson in a Lex Fridman podcast.

Setting: Aligned teaching team

The small teaching team (3 teachers in this retreat) are highly aligned in their precise style of teaching. In this retreat, I got to know George Haas and Dustin Diperna.

Thus, it is possible for the team that Teacher 1 starts a meditation, gives it up to a specific point, and then teacher 2 takes over without interruption or change of style and content.

This is in contrast to the usual teaching, where each teacher is highly idiosyncratic and more or less does their own stuff.

Setting: Group / sangha setting

In a group setting, it has elements of sharing in modern Western psychedelic ceremonies. Students become the witness of the group's experience. This experience usually includes practical, conceptual and emotional topics.

The group setting can be a huge booster to shared learning.

My personal "Setting": primed through psychedelics

Or, maybe I was primed through a preceding mystical Ayahuasca experience two years before the retreat. After all, deep meditative and psychedelic experiences can be very similar.

Shinzen Young, one of the most famous Western meditation teachers who links neuroscience to meditation, believes that it is possible that his easy access to deep meditative states had been prepared through his psychedelic experiences, at the level of the 5-HT receptors through which most psychedelics work.

This post tries to find an explanation how Dr Brown´s retreat success rate could be possible: through a hyper-precise method of teaching meditation.

How to learn about Daniel P Brown´s work

If one is an enthusiastic fan of Buddhist teachings, and wants to get a deep view of his work in the area of meditation, there are difference access paths. One should chose according to one´s level of familiarity and personal experience.

For those with little experience, Dr Brown´s gives an excellent overview in his thinking, in less than 2 hours, in his "Sacred Sundays" Youtube interview.

For those steeped more deeply in Buddhist traditions, in particular those with deep meditative experience, his 1981 dissertation is a most profound and learned introduction into the mind of a yogi. This volume is 700 pages written on a typewriter!

Dr Brown has later reworked this academic work into a more accessible and updated book "Pointing Out the Great Way - The Stages of Mahamudra Meditation".

And then, just select any of his media I have assembled here.

Maybe you want to listen to the Sacred Sundays event. Please remember, that every word is backed up by his 40 years of writing and teaching.


De-constructing the retreat , and my credentials